Child Development

  • Post-natal depression in dads linked to depression in their teenage daughters | December 26, 2018 | Fathers as well as mothers can experience post-natal depression -- and it is linked to emotional problems for their teenage daughters, new research has found.

  • How socioeconomic status shapes developing brains | December 25, 2018 | The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and brain anatomy is mostly stable from childhood to early adulthood, according to a longitudinal neuroimaging study of more than 600 healthy young people. This finding suggests interventions designed to mitigate the influence of low SES on brain and mental health may be most beneficial for children younger than […]

  • Interpreting emotions: A matter of confidence | December 21, 2018 | We are exposed to the facial expressions of the people. But do we interpret them correctly? And do we trust our own judgment? This trust is essential for avoiding potentially dangerous situations. Researchers have been testing how confident we feel when judging other people's emotions, and what areas of the brain are used. These results […]

  • Air pollution in Mexico City is associated with the development of Alzheimer disease | December 21, 2018 | A new study heightens concerns over the evolving and relentless Alzheimer's pathology observed in young Metropolitan Mexico City (MMC) urbanites.

  • Children of problem drinkers more likely to marry someone with a drinking problem | December 17, 2018 | Children of parents who have alcohol use disorder are more likely to get married under the age of 25, less likely to get married later in life, and more likely to marry a person who has alcohol use disorder themselves, according to a new study.

  • Gently stroking babies before medical procedures may reduce pain processing | December 17, 2018 | Researchers found that gently stroking a baby seems to reduce activity in the infant brain associated with painful experiences. Their results suggest that lightly brushing an infant at a certain speed -- of approximately 3 centimeters per second -- could provide effective pain relief before clinically necessary medical procedures.

  • Passive exposure alone can enhance the learning of foreign speech sounds | December 17, 2018 | Ability to understand and subsequently speak a new language requires the ability to accurately discriminate speech sounds of a given language. When we start to learn a new language the differences between speech sounds can be very difficult to perceive. With enough active practice the ability to discriminate the speech sounds enhances.

  • Parents' brain activity 'echoes' their infant's brain activity when they play together | December 13, 2018 | Research shows for the first time that when adults are engaged in joint play together with their infant, the parents' brains show bursts of high-frequency activity, which are linked to their baby's attention patterns and not their own.

  • Molecular causes of brain injury associated with gut condition uncovered | December 13, 2018 | Using a mouse model of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), researchers have uncovered the molecular causes of the condition and its associated brain injury.

  • Widespread brain alterations in children with callousness | December 13, 2018 | Children with elevated levels of callous traits -- such as a lack of remorse and disregard for other people's feelings -- show widespread differences in brain structure compared with children with lower levels of the traits, according to a new study.

 Children’s Health

  • Post-natal depression in dads linked to depression in their teenage daughters | December 26, 2018 | Fathers as well as mothers can experience post-natal depression -- and it is linked to emotional problems for their teenage daughters, new research has found.

  • Pediatric leukemia 'super drug' could be developed in the coming years | December 21, 2018 | Scientists have discovered two successful therapies that slowed the progression of pediatric leukemia in mice, according to three studies published over the last two years. When a key protein responsible for leukemia, MLL, is stabilized, it slows the progression of the leukemia, the most recent study found.

  • A safe, wearable soft sensor | December 21, 2018 | Researchers have developed a soft, non-toxic wearable sensor that unobtrusively attaches to the hand and measures the force of a grasp and the motion of the hand and fingers.

  • Air pollution in Mexico City is associated with the development of Alzheimer disease | December 21, 2018 | A new study heightens concerns over the evolving and relentless Alzheimer's pathology observed in young Metropolitan Mexico City (MMC) urbanites.

  • A mountain of evidence on air pollution's harms to children | December 20, 2018 | A new study organizes the available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children's health. The article is the first comprehensive review of the associations between various fossil fuel combustion pollutants and multiple health effects in children in the context of assessing the benefits of air pollution and climate change policies.

  • New memory study first to use intracranial recordings | December 20, 2018 | New research is first memory study to use intracranial recordings to better understand how maturation of the prefrontal cortex drives memory development.

  • Split liver transplants could safely help sickest children | December 19, 2018 | In a review of registry data for more than 5,300 liver transplants performed in children nationwide, researchers identify the type of patient who is most likely to survive a split liver transplant -- receiving only part of a donor's liver -- with no additional long-term health risks, which could allow for an increase in the […]

  • Twofold overweight risk for five-year-olds given milk cereal drinks in infancy | December 19, 2018 | In five-year-old children, the risk for overweight is almost twice as high if they at 12 months had consumed milk cereal drinks every day, a study in the journal Acta Paediatrica shows.

  • Exposure to cannabis alters the genetic profile of sperm | December 19, 2018 | New research suggests men in their child-bearing years should consider how THC could impact their sperm and possibly the children they conceive during periods when they've been using the drug. Much like previous research that has shown tobacco smoke, pesticides, flame retardants and even obesity can alter sperm, the new research shows THC also affects […]

  • Today's children reach bone maturity earlier, study reveals | December 18, 2018 | Children born in the most recent century have bones that reach full maturity earlier -- by nearly 10 months in girls and nearly seven months in boys -- according to a new study.

 Child Psychology

 Teen Health

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